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The first chemical attack on the Kurds was carried out by Saddam Hussein in the Balisan Valley and nearby villages on April 16, 1987. This attack resulted in more than 201 fatalities and injuries, causing significant damage to the victims’ eyesight when they ventured out to inspect the smoke, unaware of the chemical compounds of the bombs. They continue to experience poor and distorted vision as a result. This assault was part of the Anfal campaign targeting the Kurds. Even two decades after the collapse of Saddam’s regime, people continue to endure the aftermath of the attack, and they feel that they have been ignored by the authorities in Iraq. Photos: Fayaq Hamasalih, Hawre Khalid/ Metrography